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5 Major Education Problems in India Slowing its Growth

education problems in india


The education system in India is undergoing a lot of changes. In spite of its long history of knowledge and Vedic education, it is suffering from numerous challenges such as outdated curricula, low funding, and unequal access to education. These education problems in India are a hindrance for its youth to achieve the highest level of human resources in the global face. 

Parents are aware that the education of every child forms the basis of their development.   Modifying one’s behaviours, interests, abilities, and mindsets leads to a comprehensive transformation of an individual.   Every individual desires an exceptional education system, an outstanding educational institution, and highly skilled educators for their children.

Education problems in India

Education Problems in India: The Lagging Factors

1. Lack of Funding

Prior to the advent of remote learning, students were obliged to physically commute to and participate in classes. This involves incurring expenses for the facilities and infrastructure that the school would need to provide to its students.   The pupils would incur expenses, invest time, and exert effort for their daily commute to school.   A significant number of pupils are unable to get quality education due to budgetary constraints. 

The government should prioritise enhancing educational accessibility through the provision of scholarships and financial aid to socioeconomically disadvantaged segments of the population.   Furthermore, it is imperative to undertake initiatives aimed at constructing additional educational institutions, such as schools and colleges, in rural regions.


2. Outdated Curriculum

Indian education is also largely characterised by outdated curriculum. The educational system remains rooted in traditional methods and fails to possess the adaptability required to meet the evolving demands of society and the labour market.   

The curriculum frequently lags behind and fails to adequately equip pupils for the contemporary global landscape.   Moreover, there is a notable emphasis on academic knowledge, leading to a deficiency of practical skills among students

3. Extremely Competitive 

Another major issue with the education system in India is that it is too competitive. In an ideal scenario, a student who achieves a minimum score of 90% would be considered as academically competent.   However, this perspective must change.   

Despite obtaining a lower score, a student may still possess intelligence and competence. The assessment of a student’s intelligence quotient (IQ) cannot be ascertained just based on their academic results. Through the modification of examination administration methods, technology has the potential to effectively tackle this issue. 


4. Faulty Examination System

The Indian education system mainly focuses on examinations as a means of assessing students, leading to heightened stress levels and a tendency to prioritise memorization over comprehension of subjects.   Moreover, the test system can generate considerable anxiety among students, resulting in a diminished enthusiasm for acquiring knowledge. 

This diminishing enthusiasm  for acquiring knowledge with the rise of AI such as chat GPT is affecting students’ creativity. 


5. Mismatch Between Employability and Education

Another significant education problem in India is the lack of alignment between education and employment.   Consequently, a substantial number of individuals are unable to secure employment due to their lack of requisite skills and knowledge demanded by the evolving work market.  

The majority of India’s education system is disconnected from the practical realities of the world and the demands of the corporate sector and society.   The current system fails to provide students with sufficient opportunities to explore and discover their interests, abilities, and career prospects.   Furthermore, it fails to impart crucial abilities such as entrepreneurship, invention, and leadership, which are essential for creating employment opportunities rather than seeking them. 

Vocational education: Education problems in India

What Can be Done?

Practicality is something that is missing from the Indian education system. Therefore to instill some changes in the education system of India parents, teachers, and students have to unlearn and relearn certain things. 

The 2020 education program acknowledges these concerns and aims to eliminate these education problems in India by incorporating a greater emphasis on practical disciplines, introducing more adaptable curricula, and affording students the freedom to select the most suitable options. 

Parents must recognize that education and the learning process are highly dynamic.   Thanks to technological advancements, online learning has gained popularity and has led to an overall enhancement in the quality of education. 

Also Read: Top 7 Tips to Take Care of the Mental Health of Students.

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